Background. During previous 15 years
hundreds of underground bat roosts were found and/or examined in
Ukraine. Most of them were examined for bats for the first time,
many of them were firstly revealed as speleological objects. First
of all, the attention was given to the regions which are rich for
natural caves or mines. The work was carried out in Crimean Peninsula,
Podolian Upland, the continental Black Sea Region of Ukraine, Donets
River Basin. Brief reports on the work are available at http://kazhan.org.ua/eng/projects.htm.
However, the biggest part of Ukraine is “not-cave”.
Underground cavities in this part are represented almost or exclusively
with anthropogenic structures (cellars, fortifications, bomb shelters,
etc.). Many such regions are characterised by poor bat fauna data
or their full absence. Thus, the project dealt with the further
search, examination and inventory of potential underground bats
sites – in “not-cave” regions of Ukraine. The final aim of the work
is revealing of underground sites important for monitoring and conservation
Study area: Rivne, Volyn, Zhytomyr,
Khmelnytsky, Vinnytsya, Odesa, Cherkasy, Kyiv, Poltava, Chernigiv,
and Sumy oblasts.
Executors. Lena Godlevska (team
leader, Sergiy Rebrov, Petro Buzunko. Students from Kyiv Shevchenko
National University and National University “Kyiv-Mohula Academy”
took part in the field work.
Over 150 cavities were examined. Most of them were
examined for bat for the first time. They included: cellars and
unheated basements, fortification objects, mines, monastery caves,
crypts of abandoned churches, tunnels, artificial underground cavities
of unknown purpose, etc.
For description, examination of cavities a standard
set of methods will be applied: visual examination, netting at entrances
etc. Each underground cavity will be described by the common scheme.
Based on the new results as well as on previously
published data we determined six key underground sites: one, for
Dn³propetrovsk and Poltava oblasts; two, for Rivne and Zhytomyr
oblasts. We also confirmed the overall significance of two previously
identified underground key sites, in Kyiv and Kharkiv oblasts.
Received results were published and presented as
oral reports during scientific meetings. The list of identified
key sites and bat data on them were submitted for inclusion into
the list of internationally important underground sites.
Godlevska L., Buzunko P., Rebrov S., Ghazali M.
Underground bat sites of “not-cave” region of Ukraine, on results
of 2002–2015 // Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series Biology. –
2016. – Is. 71. – P. 178–189. (In Ukrainian.) >>>
The work was supported by Stichting Zoogdierenwerkgroep
Zuid-Holland ņą Bat Support Fund for Eastern Europe.
Photo: by L. Godlevska